Surnames H to I - Page 4:  Shetland Y-DNA Surname Project
Surname             DYS Markers and Allele Values:  For 26 to 37 See
and (Kit#)             3  3  1  3  3  3  4  3  4  3  3  3  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4
                       9  9  9  9  8  8  2  8  3  8  9  8  5  5  5  5  5  4  3  4  4  6  6  6  6
                       3  0      1  5  5  6  8  9  9  2  9  8  9  9  5  4  7  7  8  9  4  4  4  4
                                      a  b             +      +     a  b                         a  b  c  d
                                                         1      2
Haplogroup; Proposed Origin: Surname - Y-DNA Signature; Meaning and Early Occurrences of Name
- Shetland (Beattie), Orkney (Lamb), Scotland (Black)
; Traditions; Earliest Kown Paternal Ancestor;
DNA Matches; Comments
Project Home Page
HUTCHISON      13 24 14 10 11 14 12 10 12 13 13 29 19 09 10 11 11 24 14 18 29 15 16 16 19
R1b1c; Scottish Orkney - Celtic / Pictish; Patronymic (but atypical for Shetland). Those of the
HUTCHISON name seemed to be predominantly from Aberdeen, Mainland Scotland, from as early
as 1466. There are many of the surname Hutchison in Orkney.  It is not known at present when
they first arrived.  It is likely that by the 1500s one or more of this surname had emigrated to
Shetland.  Here a Robert ACHESSON appears in a court record of 1563, and another court document
notes a Marion HUTCHONDAUGHTER of Papa Stour.  The name of this participant may have been
patronymic since even in Shetland Hutcheon wasused as a prename.  For example, in the 1500s
there were brothers Olaf and Hucheon Stevenson, Hutcheon Anderson, Hutcheon Isbister, Hutcheon
Halcrow to name but a few
; None recorded; Laurence HUTCHISON, born 1776, Whalsay who
married Catherine ANDERSON
; YSTR Database: 412 / 20,000 - matches widely scattered across
Europe; in FTDNA Haplogroup Database there are no exact or one (i.e., 11 / 12) step mutations,
making this a very rare signature with no consistency to the matches.  In exploring the 10/12
matches they are almost all with those whose surnames suggest a Scottish origin
; A check of the
Oxford Ancestor's database indicates that this Y signature is likely rare.  Work is underway to
determine the origins of the family prior to 1776.  Alternative spellings of the name include Echisson
and Achisson.  Lamb considers that the surname "could be a native family name since the first
name HUCHEON was in use at an early date".  If that is true then the ancestral tie is more likey,
based on the DNA evidence, to be Celtic / Pictish rather than Norse.
To Data Index
IRVINE              13 23 14 10 11 13 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 09 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17
R1b;  Scottish Orkney - (Border Region); A place name - from Irving, Dumfrieshire or Ayrshire,
Scotland.  A William Irvine recorded in 1369 in Orkney.  It is believed that the Orkney and Shetland
Irvines originated in Drum, in Aberdeenshire.  In Shetland there was one James Irvine, the
father-in-law of Gabriel Robson, involved in a mortgage for Brebister Holm in 1569, but by 1577 the
surname was widespread throughout various parishes of Shetland, so likely was established in
Shetland from early days
; A familiar story about 3 brothers coming from Scotland; John IRVINE,
born 1818, Whalsay, son of Laurence IRVINE and Jane JOHNSON
;  There are only 8 matches in the
YHRD database, with no pattern, and no Scandanavian matches.  A 12/12 match in the FTDNA
customer database with a McKenzie.  There are four 23/25 matches with names that are not entirely
clear as to origin (e.g., Rosenbluth) as well as Wright.  A preponderance of matches occur with
England.  This participant does not match an Irvine from Orkney who is haplogroup I1b (Ysearch
#T2UH5) so it is likely that we will find more than one Irvine signature in Shetland
;  Here is one
instance where the data in relation to an R1b signature suggests, very tentatively, a connection with
the Border Region of Scotland and England.
ISBISTER           13 25 16 10 11 14 12 12 10 14 11 32
R1a;  Aboriginal Orkney- Norse;  According to Lamb, a "vanished place - name Isbister in the
tunship of Grimeston, Harray but also from Isbister in Birsay".  Beattie indicates that the first
recording of the surname in Shetland was in 1586, when "Alexander Isbister being an Orcadian
married to a Shetlander.  His heir was his brother David Isbister, alias Harray, whose son inherited
the alias"
;  None recorded;  Robert ISBISTER, born 1800, West Burrafirth, Aithsting, married to
Agnes IRVINE, and son of Henry ISBISTER
;  Two 12/12 matches in the FTDNA Database to a
Howard and two Johnsons.  Only exact matches in Haplogroup Database is one each for Iceland and
Norway.  At the one step mutational level by far the largest number of matches is to the Altai of
;  This participant is a close match to the "typical" aboriginal Shetland hayplotype for R1a,
despite being from Orkney.  It does make sense of course that some of the families who settled
Shetland has members who settled in Orkney
INKSTER             13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 09 10 11 11 24 15 18 29 15 15 17 17
R1b;  Aboriginal Orkney - Celtic;  According to Lamb, the surname is first found in the records of
Orkney in 1492 with one Hucheon Inkster of Orphir.  The surname is a place name relating to two
locations, Inkster in Orphir and Innister in Rousay.  The name is Norse from Inga and Setter.  
Beattie indicates that the family first arrived in Burra (where a James Inksetter was in Buray in
1611, Shetland from Orkney, then branches moved to Northmavine, Yell and Unst (where the first
surname first appears in the 1790s.  The first record on the surname in Shetland comes from 1577
when one Duncane Inksettar in Bressay registered a compaint against Laurence Bruce
;  Alexander
INKSTER born 1770 in Burra, married to Margaret SCOTT, and son of Arthur INKSTER
; This
participant matches another INKSTER whose ancestors came from the Northern Isles 34/37 but also
matches 5 others at this level most of whom appear to have Irish surnames (e.g., McCARTHY,
SULLIVAN).  There is a 35/37 match with a COFFEE from Ireland.  It is very unusual to find 28
matches at the 34 or higher category - and the overwheming number being Irish.  Looking at the 12
marker mathces there are 137 matches to those from Ireland and the next highest is England with
23.  then Scotland with 17
;  It will be important to check the haplotype of an INKSTER whose roots
are solely in Orkney to determine how ancient this connection is to Ireland.  At the moment it is a
mystery.  The DNA pattern is identical to the "South Irish Cluster" identified by Ken Nordtvedt.  It
has unique qualities as do the "NW Irish" (Ui Neil) and "Irish Type III" clusters.