Descendants of Johannes Young

 

 

Generation No. 1

 

        1.  Johannes1 Young died Aft. 1696 in Pr. Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany.  He married Barbara. 

 

Notes for Johannes Young:

The earliest known ancestor of the Young family profiled in the present work is Johannes Jung.  He was a cooper and farmer who resided in Dunzweiler, a small village in Zweibrucken County, at the juncture of the Saarland  - Rhineland Palatinate Regions of Germany near the French Provinces of Alsace - Lorraine.  For further information about the German origins of the Young family see (HJ2) - see Abbreviations of Frequently Used References at the end of the present work.

 

The focus of this study is on those descendants of Johannes Jung and Barbara who came to New York, and ultimately to Ontario.  Although the first few generations of the entire family in Germany and New York are outlined here, the emphasis is on providing detailed information on the descendants of two great - grandsons of Johannes - Johann Adam Jung (Adam Young) and the latter's youngest brother Theobald Jung Jr. (David Young).  The surname of Johannes and his children and grandchildren in Germany was JUNG.  This spelling was perpetuated in New York State, USA until at least the mid 1700s (longer in some of the church registers). All used the YOUNG spelling by the time they arrived in the Province of Ontario, Canada.

 

Adam Young and his sons John , Daniel, and Henry were United Empire Loyalists who left New York in the 1770s to ulimately reside in Haldimand and Wentworth Counties, Ontario; whereas Theobald Jr.'s son John D. Young served in the Rebel ("Patriot") militia during the Revolutionary War and left New York in the early years of the 1800s to reside in Wentworth County, Ontario - virtually next door to his first cousin Daniel Young. These families intermarried extensively.  If there is one theme to be discovered in the exploration of the Young family of Ontario, it is the extraordinary tendency of individuals to find life partners from among their extensive array of cousins.  Perhaps  this is one of the reasons why, after spending 28 years completing this "labour of love", the author has come to the conclusion that all those listed in the present study are members of one large extended family.

 

The author of this work, David K. Faux, a former resident of Hagersville, Haldimand County, Ontario is a descendant of three branches of the Young family, and has over the years amassed a file cabinet full of documents relating to this family.  The prime purpose of the present study is to provide the names and other identifying information about the known descendants of Johannes Jung to the 12th generation.   For reasons of privacy, and to keep the work from expanding to unmanageable proportions, only those born before approximately 1950 are included.  Only names (no dates) will be given for those of this generation who may still be alive.

 

The present work expands the data included in an unpublished manuscript written by the present author entitled, "The Adam Young Family of the Mohawk Valley New York and the Grand River Ontario: the First Four Generations", printed in 1987.  Since very few copies of this document are available, and since a vast amount of information on more recent generations has come to light (thanks to contact with descendants via e-mail, and data on line such as the 1930 census of the USA with an every name index), the author has explored information on all known descendants of the Young family who originally came to Ontario, of any surname, to about 1950 - and has included early photographs of Young descendants (those born prior to 1870), and some relevant documents.

 

For a variety of reasons, there are bound to be some errors, and a considerable number of omissions.  The author would welcome information that would make any subsequent edition more accurate and complete.  This version was created January 2004.

 

Dr. David K. Faux

P.O. Box 192

Seal Beach, California, 90740, USA

714-928-1812

fauxdk@yahoo.com

       

Child of Johannes Young and Barbara is:

+      2                 i.    Andreas2 Young, born 02 December 1645 in Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken County, Germany; died Bef. 06 October 1696 in Pr. Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany.

 

 

Generation No. 2

 

        2.  Andreas2 Young (Johannes1) was born 02 December 1645 in Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken County, Germany, and died Bef. 06 October 1696 in Pr. Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany.  He married Agnes Classen 12 June 1666 in Konken Reformed Church, Zweibrucken, Germany, daughter of Wendel Classen.  She was born Abt. 1645 in Pr. Konken - Langenbach, Zweibrucken, Germany, and died Aft. 27 August 1700 in Pr. Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany.

 

Notes for Andreas Young:

Baptised as Hans Andreas Jung at the Zweibrucken Reforned Church.  Again, more information on Andreas can be found in the writings of HJ2.

       

Children of Andreas Young and Agnes Classen are:

        3                 i.    Maria Catharina3 Young.  She married George Wenslaus Mattheus 04 October 1696 in Waldmohr Reformed Church, Zweibrucken, Germany.

        4                ii.    Eva Young.  She married Hans Theobald Barth 27 August 1700 in Waldmohr Reformed Church, Zweibrucken, Germany.

        5               iii.    Nicolaus Young, died Aft. 1711.

        6               iv.    Maria Margaretha Young, died Aft. 1712.

        7                v.    Anna Margaretha Young.  She married Johann Jocob Zimmerman 16 October 1685 in Homburg / Saar Catholic Churchbook, Germany.

+      8               vi.    Theobald (David) Young, born 12 August 1691 in Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany; died 1763 in Canajoharie District, Tryon County, New York, USA.

 

 

Generation No. 3

 

        8.  Theobald (David)3 Young (Andreas2, Johannes1) was born 12 August 1691 in Dunzweiler, Zweibrucken, Germany, and died 1763 in Canajoharie District, Tryon County, New York, USA.  He married (1) Maria Catharina Schneider Abt. 1716.  She died Aft. 22 September 1753.  He married (2) Anna Magdalena Aft. 22 September 1753. 

 

Notes for Theobald (David) Young:

Baptised as Johann Theobald Jung at the Waldmohr Reformed Church.  Among those of German descent in Germany and New York, a first bane such as Johann is a "throw away" name, and the individual will always be known by their "second" name.  Theobald, DeWalt, and David are equivalent names and interchangeable.  Theobald Young was known by all three names in New York.  David Young is the English equivalent of Theobald Jung.  Another Palatine German tradition was to use as a middle initial the first letter of a man's father.  This tended to happen most frequently with a common name such as John.  For example, John Young, the son of Abraham Young, would be known as John A. Young to distinguish him from the many other John Youngs in the same geographical area (BON).

 

Theobald resided at Dunzweiler from birth to his emigration in 1709. After brief stays in New York City and the "tar camps" of the Hudson River; Theobald moved to the Schoharie River Valley about 1712 and was living at Neu Heessberg also known as Foxtown (the area surrounding the present Old Fort  Museum in the town of Schoharie) about 1716/1717 (HJ1). He was naturalized at Albany on 3 January 1715 (BON).  This is approximately the time of his marriage to Catharina Schneider (DAR, NY, B7F, Vol. 7 (1926-7), p. 292).  This information on the wife of Theobald Jung was given by a great-grandaughter (Mrs. Catharine Ehle) of "David Young & Catharine Snyder" in 1855.   Possibly in the 1720s Theobald removed to the Mohawk River Valley - but his name cannot be found on any land deed until 1732.  On 18 April 1732 Theobald purchased the southerly halves of Lots 15 and 18 in the Harrison Patent (surrounding present day St. Johnsville), on the North side of the Mohawk River, from John Haskell et. al. (HJ1; DKM).  Sortly thereafter his name appears as a witness on a deed to Marragrieta Timmerman (12 March 1734), where three high ranking individuals from the three clans of the Upper Castle of Mohawks deeded land to property on the South Side of the Mohawk River (DKM).  Curiously, Marragrieta was likely the sister of Theobald, and two of the Indian signators, Seth and Margaret, were to become the grandparents to the wife of Theobald's grandson John (see entry under John Young later).  It appears that he removed across the river to Lot 6 of the 3rd Allottment in the Van Horne Patent (near present day Indian Castle - then the Upper Mohawk Village) about 1754 when Theobald sold his land in the Harrison Patent (on 10 July) (HJ1; DKM - see later entries).

 

It appears that Theobald's occuption might be termed farmer, and land speculator.  On 14 July 1752, Theobald Young received a patent for 14,000 acres of land on the south side of the Mohawk River, surrounding Young's lake (HJ1; DKM) - his son Adam's residence at the time of the American Revolution.  Theobald, however, apparently never resided on this land. Based on available records, Catharine, wife of Theobald, died sometime after 22 September 1753 when they were sponsors at the baptism of their grandson Debalt Hess (SAL).  It appears that Catharine died shortly thereafter, since on 17 February 1760 "Dewald Jung and wife Anna Magdalena" were sponsors at the baptism of  Deobald Keller; and on 1 January 1762 "Theobald Jung and Magdalena" sponsored Theobald, grandson by son Andreas Jung (SAL). The last known reference to Theobald is the 1763 list of "Freeholders of Canajoharrie" where "David Young" is enumerated next to Peter D. Schuyler whose home wason the Van Horne Patent close to the residences of the Canajoharie Mohawks (Kenneth Scott, "The Freeholders of the City and County of Albany, 1763, National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 48, No. 4, Dec 1960, pp 179-180). Although Adam was the legal owner of this property in 1764, it appears that grandson John occupied the lands (see entries for his son Adam and grandson John for more information).

 

Although various records name all of Theobald's sons, only Catharine can be conclusively named as a daughter (YF).  However, clear circumstantial evidence points to Anna Margaretha being another daughter (e.g., see the above noted baptismal entry).

 

       

Children of Theobald Young and Maria Schneider are:

+      9                 i.    Adam4 Young, born 17 May 1717 in Foxtown, Schoharie County, New York, USA; died 1790 in Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada.

+      10              ii.    Catharine Young, born Abt. 1719.

+      11             iii.    Anna Margaretha Young, born Abt. 1721.

+      12             iv.    Andrew Young, born Abt. 1730; died Bet. 01 February 1791 - 21 March 1796 in Otego Township, New York, USA.

+      13              v.    Frederick Young, born 1733; died 1777 in Ft. Niagara, New York, USA.

+      14             vi.    Theobald (David) Young, born Abt. 1735; died Bef. 05 November 1771 in Canajoharie District, Tryon County, New York, USA.

 

 

Generation No. 4

 

        9.  Adam4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born 17 May 1717 in Foxtown, Schoharie County, New York, USA, and died 1790 in Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada.  He married Catharine Elizabeth Schremling Abt. 1740, daughter of Hendrick Schremling and Maria Landgraff.  She was born Abt. 1720 in New York, USA, and died 1798 in Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.

 

Notes for Adam Young:

In the introduction to a recent study of Loyalist Ontario, Bruce Wilson suggests that Adam Young was one of the first "un-American Americans", a quintessential Loyalist who suffered greatly for his loyalty to the King.  Wilson writes that Adam became a "royalist guerilla fighter" during the Revolutionary War, and further that, "Reviled as a traitor by one nation, Young was a founding father of another" (Bruce Wilson, As She Began:  An Illustrated Introduction to Loyalist Ontario, Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1981, p. 9).

 

Adam Young was born 17 May 1717, apparently at Schoharie N.Y., the son of Theobald Jung and Maria Catharina (--) (BON, p. 34). As noted in the biography of Theobald Jung Sr., his wife's (Anglicized) name was, according to Catharine Ehle, Catharine Snyder (i.e., Schneider).  He married Catharine Elizabeth Schremling (Catterina Lis Schrimling) (SAR, p. 1), daughter of Henrich and Maria Elisabetha (--) Schremling (Schremele) (PFN, p. 926).

 

Adam Young was baptized as Johann Adam Jung at Schoharie 6 June 1717 by the Lutheran minister Joshua Kocherthal, the sponsors being Johann Jost Laux, Johann Adam Kopp, and Catharina Frey (BON, p. 34).  In 1716/17 his Palatine-German parents were residing at Neu=Heesburg (Fuchsendorf - Foxtown) on the Schoharie River (Walter A. Knittle, Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration, Baltimore:  Genealogical Publishing Co. 1965, p. 295).  Sometime prior to 1733 Theobald Jung moved from the Schoharie Valley to the site of the present-day St. Johnsville N.Y., in the Mohawk Valley (Lots 15 and 18, Harrison Patent, Canajoharie District, now Montgomery Co.), purchasing the land from John Haskoll 18 Apr. 1732 (ALR, Deed Book 6, Teobalt Yong to Jacob Timmerman, registered 27 Jan. 1757, pp. 515-517).

 

On 14 July 1752 Theobald and his sons Adam, Frederick, and Andries obtained a patent to 14,000 acres of land on the south side of the Mohawk River; having petitioned for permission to purchase the land 31 May 1751, and having bought the land from the Mohawk Indians 21 May 1752 (NYSL, Albany Co. Land Papers, Vol. 14, p. 161, 119, 152).  While Theobald sold his land in the Harrison Patent 10 July 1754 (ALR, Deed Book 6, Teobalt Yong to Jacob Timmerman, registered 27 Jan 1757, pp. 515-517), he and his sons did not move to Young's Patent at this time, but instead appear to have moved almost dierectly across the River to Lot 6 in the Third Allotment of the Van Horne Patent.  This land is located on the south side of the Mohawk River, fronting along the River for about three quarters of a mile.  It is less than two miles from Ft. Hendrick where the Mohawk Indians had their Castle.  Adam's name appears on the map of this Patent as of 10 October 1764 (Arthur C.M. Kelly, Mohawk Valley Quarterly Publication, p. 47).  Since Adam was the first born son, it is possible that by then he had inherited this property from his father Theobald.

 

The tax list of 1766, however, lists Adam Young near his brothers, and among others residing on or near the north end of the Bleecker Patent near the Geissenburg Settlement.  Therefore about this time Adam probably settled near present-day Ft. Plain on the south side of the Mohawk River.  Adam probably moved to land (Lot 4, Bleecker Patent) (AJD) adjoining that of his brother Frederick (CJY) near the Canajoharie (Sand Hill) Reformed Church, which he (Adam) helped found (YF, pp. 83-84).

 

Brief glimpses of Adam's activities during his tenure in the Mohawk Valley are provided by scattered documentary references.  For example, he was allegedly "present as Capt of a company at the capture of Fort Niagara from the French" (i.e., 1759).  This statement is found in a petition written by Young's grandson William (4) Young (No. 33), given as an example of the longstanding loyalty of the family to the Crown (PAC, RG 10, Vol. 123, Petition of William Young, 22 June 1847, p. 6185). Further evidence supporting this claim has not been located.

 

The name of Adam Young of "Canajohary" appears occasionally in the account books of Daniel Campbell of Schenectady between 1758 and 1761 (NYSL, SC10514, Account Books, Daniel Campbell, Schenectady, Vol. 1, p. 75, 99, 132, 133, 219); and was listed next to his brother Frederick on a list of freeholders of "Canajoharrie" (Kenneth Scott, "The Freeholders of the City and County of Albany, 1763", National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 1960, Vol. 48, p. 180).  Reference to the tax list of January 1766 (copy provided by Ken Johnson of Kansas, originally from Marilyn J. Cramer) notes that Adam was assessed at the rate of 12 pounds.  Of the 65 men on the list owning property, two others equalled this tax rate, and four surpassed it.  Therefore, the evidence suggests that Adam was among the wealthiest residents in the area (plus he had vast holdings elsewhere). See the biography of son John for a detailed description of this property.

 

On 29 Oct. 1765 the deed of partition to Young's Patent was composed (Secretary of State Office, Albany, Albany Co. Deeds, Vol. 17, pp. 421-428), and soon thereafter Adam moved to Lot 19 on the south side of Young's Lake (Youngsfield, now Warren, Herkimer Co.).  It is fortunate that a description of Adam's house survives.  In a letter from Garret Abeel to his wife Mary, dated 27 May 1772, he describes a trip he took from the Mohawk River to Youngs Lake.  Apparently after traversing miles of deserted wildreness, on the 23rd of May, "when through the Woods I saw as by appearance the Ocion, I knew ye journey wo'd soon be to an end but Judge my agreeable surprise when soon After at the side of a large Lake before me appeared a very good board house with a Peaza round it, and several buildings about it and found one Adam Young with his family the possessor thereof" (TBM, pp. 292-3).

 

Adam became a lieutenant in the German Flats (Burnetsfield) militia (Officers Recommended for Commissions, Batalion of Col. Hanjost Herkemer, 6 May 1767, 14 May 1768, New York State:  Annual Report of the State Historian, 1896, Colonial Series, Vol. 2, Albany N.Y., 1897, p. 848, 891) and a land speculator (e.g., ALR, Mortgages 1630-1894, Book 2, land mortgaged to Alexander Stewart, 1 Nov. 1766, pp. 256-258).  He also farmed, and owned a potash works, a sawmill, and an Indian trading post (CAY).  Some documents have survived which help to "flesh out" aspects of his business interests, and in addition help to reveal facets of his character.  For example, Jelles Fonda kept an itemized listing of the goods he sold to Adam Young (payment by the latter in animal skins and ginseng root) between 1769 and 1771.  The large quantities of beads and "sculpting knives" suggest that they were for retail sale at Young's Indian trading post (NYSL, Jelles Fonda Papers, 14106-44, Captn Adam Youngs Accot Current with Jelles Fonda Apl 20th 1772).  In a letter dated Youngsfield 28 July 1774, Young offers to sell Jelles Fonda five "Parrels of Bodash".  This and other expressions such as "plece to lad me now" (New York State Historical Society, Cooperstown, Letter to Majer Jelles Fonda at Caunawago) suggest the possibility that Young spoke English with a German accent.  It is further known that some of his other activities brought him into contact with the courts.  Although precise details are lacking, he apparently initiated a lawsuit over a debt owed him, was charged with assault and battery, and was involved in a variety of unspecified cases (Montgomery County Department of History and Archives, Fonda N.Y., Tryon County Book of Common Please, Minutes 1772-1791; NYSL, Frey Papers, Justices Docket of Major John Frey from 4 July 1772, County of Tryon, Acc. No. 9829; NYSA, Albany Court of Common Pleas, Reel 74-40-07).

 

It appears that Adam was one of the principal figures in the Mohawk Valley.  Among the facts which support this statement, in addition to what has been noted above, is his appearance in an entry in the accounts of Jelles Fonda.  On 6 July 1769, English blankets were sold to Sir William Johnson and strounds (used for Indian burials) sold to Adam Young and credited to the account of Colonel George Croghan (NYSL, Fonda Papers, No. 14106, Folder 7, Item 173).  To be mentioned in the same breath as these two members of the colonial aristocracy appears to reflect Adam's influence at the time.  Furthermore, in the court records of Major John Frey, one of the Justices of Tryon County, Adam sued John Weaver for "selling liquor to his servants without his licence." (NYSL, Frey Papers, No. 9829, p. 51, circa 1772).  Whether these are white servants or black slaves is not stated.

 

With the approach of the Revolution, Adam Young remained loyal to the Crown, becoming increasingly concerned with the way events were taking shape in the Mohawk Valley.  He was particularly perplexed by the "association" that residents were expected to sign to show their support of the actions of the Continental Congress.  He refused to sign the document.  Neither Adam Young nor his brother Frederick (a Justice of the Peace for Tryon Co.) could see the necessity of using force to redress grievances against the Government.  Adam wrote a petition to the Committee of Safety to reflect these concerns, which he circulated among the residents of Stone Arabia.  Andreas Young attempted to put the actions of his brothers in the most favourable light in his testimony before the Committee 17 Feb. 1776 (CAY; MV, p. 71), who, however, saw the actions of Adam as being detrimental to their cause.  When Adam Young refused to appear before the Committee to answer their charges, Capt. Henry Eckler was ordered 18 July 1777 to collect a fine of 10 pounds from him (Wisconsin State Historical Society, Lyman Draper Mss., Series F, Vol. 4, Newspaper article in the Mohawk Independent, 17 Sept. 1878).  On 11 Aug. 1777 Lawrence Gros and a "possee" went to Adam Young's where it was suspected that a party of Loyalist soldiers were in hiding.  While Gros wanted to arrest Young, "Capt. Eckler & the good People prayed with Tears in their Eyes, that we would desist from doing that, for their own Safety."  Apparently there was a fear of the repercussions if they attempted to capture Young.  The group eventually satisfied themselves with temporarily forcing Adam and "Cattle" (i.e., Cattie) from their home (MV, p. 125).

 

On 6 Sept. 1777 Adam Young was examined by the Committee of Safety and found guilty of supplying "a party of absconding vagabonds who joined our Enemies at Fort Shyler" (MV, pp. 131-132).  His attitudes toward the American cause at this time is reflected in the fact that he was known as a "rank enemy" (Lyle F. Bellinger, Genealogy of the Mohawk Valley Bellingers and Allied Families, Herkimer N.Y.:  Herkimer Co. Historical Society, 1976, p. 24) to the "Damned rebels" (as he termed them) (New York Historical Society, New York, Tryon Co. Mss., Box 1, Minutes of the Committee of Safety, 6 Sept. 1777).  He was therefore taken into custody and sent to various jails in Connecticut, including "Norwich Gaol".  Soon after he returned home from 11 months imprisonment, his buildings were burned and effects taken by the Patriot supporters. The Rebels had for some time known that Adam was an unrepentant supporter of the Loyalists. For example, in his Revolutionary War Pension Application, Peter Fox reported that in 1778 he was "ordered out to march out to Young's Lake where the enemy generally would have recourse to harbour at the home of Adam Young, but not discovering nor mett any Tories or Indians from Canada........."  (National Archives, Revolutionary War Pension file W7294, BLWt. 9468-160-55).   Adam's buildings were destroyed on the order of Rev. Daniel Gros (Bellinger, Mohawk Valley Bellingers, p. 24) 18 July 1778, in retaliation for the burning of Andrustown by Capt. Joseph Brant (CAY; Testimony of a participant, John Frank, in William L. Stone, Life of Joseph Brant, Vol. 1, Albany N.Y.:  Munsell, 1865, pp. 362-363).  He escaped "with scarce sufficient Clothes to cover him"; he and his two youngest sons treking to Oswego to join Butler's Rangers (CAY).  Young was enrolled in the 6th Company of this unit as of 1 Aug. 1778 (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, Pay Lists, p. 54).  It is apparent that Adam returned to the Mohawk Valley at least once during the Revolution to avenge the destruction of his property.  On 17 September 1778, at 6 o'clock in the morning, Captains Joseph Brant and Gilbert Tice, and William Caldwell, with 300 Rangers and 152 Indians swooped down on the German Flatts settlement.  The populace had, however, been warned of the approach of Loyalist forces and had taken refuge in Forts Herkimer and Dayton.  The Loyalists, who had emerged at the property of R. Shoemaker, then began the task of burning everything in their path.  They were unable to take Fort Dayton but destroyed virtually all the houses (63), barns (57), grist mills (3), saw mill (1), and grain on both sides of the Mohawk River.  Only the church and the fort remained standing from Adam Starings to Wydecks beyond Canada Creek on the north side; while in a six mile stretch from Ft. Herkimer up the River to William Tygerts there were but 2 or 3 houses unscathed.  All the cattle and horses (235) and sheep (269) in the vicinity were rounded up and driven away.  The action was finished by noon.  Among them, according to the American Colonel Peter Bellinger, was "Adam Young & his sons". (NYSL, MSS#11147, 20 Sept. 1778; MSS#13817, 27 Sept. 1778).

 

Toward the end of the Revolution Young was given permission to clear a farm at Niagara (on-the-Lake), becoming one of the first settlers in the Niagara Penninsula (HP, Add. Mss. 21829, Reel 85, A Survey of the Settlement at Niagara, 25 Aug. 1782, p. 2) where he remained until about 1784, when he joined his three sons on the Six Nations Indian Reserve along the Grand River - this property being confirmed to them by the Six Nations 26 Feb. 1787 (PAC, RG 19, Vol. 624, Mohawk Deed, pp. 3-13).  In Sept. of the same year Adam Young appeared before the Commissioners for Resolving Loyalist Claims at Niagara where he detailed his former extensive holdings in New York.  A marginal note in the Library of Congress copy of these records indicates that the interviewers considered him to be a "very good man" (YF, p. 86).  Adam left the Mohawk Valley in haste, and left various debts behind.  One was to Jelles Fonda who, in November 1784 included Adam on a list of persons indebted to him who "are gone off to the Enemy in the late Warr". (NYSL, Fonda Papers, No. 14106, Folder 1, Item 11).

 

On 22 Jan. 1790 Adam Young signed his will, being then "weak in body" (DAY, original will of Adam Young).  He probably died in this year as, in a survey of the Grand River in Jan./Mar. 1791, Augustus Jones did not record Adam as being the owner of the house at the upper end of the Young Tract, but instead the latter's son Henry (AJ).

 

The property of Adam Young in Herkimer County and elsewhere had been confiscated by the State of New York (NYSL, Revolutionary Records, Rev. Mss. 16, Folder 1, item 3, 21 Apr. 1783), probably impelling him to deed his lands at Youngsfield to his son-in-law Joseph House (a Patriot supporter) in order to salvage some financial remuneration from their sale (see NYSL, Land Papers, Series 2, Book 8, Letter from Jno. V. Renselaer, 12 Feb. 1799, p. 197; and Book 9, Application of Phillip Cook, 11 Nov. 1806, p. 12).  It is apparent from the wording of a clause in the will of Adam's son Daniel, that there was still hope in 1836 of obtaining some compensation for the confiscated lands.  Specifically, Daniel gave instructions about selling "my real Estate in the State of New York situate in the County of Herkimer or otherwise…granted to my Father Adam Young late deceased…which I became heir thereof by Will" (RSC, Wentworth Co., file No. 305, Daniel Young, 11 Apr. 1836).  In 1837 there was an attempt to recover these lands when John Woodworth, a lawyer from Albany, filed a claim on behalf of the descendants of Adam Young (JWL).  In the 1840's Peter Young and subsequently James Young (sons of Daniel Young) were empowered by the family to take legal steps to obtain title or payment for the New York property (FOY).  In 1892 the hope was still alive as Adam's grandson William Young noted in his will, "property as I claim through my father the late Henry Young and being in the State of New York" (HSR, Register C, 1889-1901, William Young, Instrument No. 1362, p. 323).  The final effort of record was by a "lawyer who was married to a Young".  It was his intention to collect a complete list of descendants of Adam Young (visiting Philip Young (1855-1937) in Canada for this purpose), and to lay claim to an estate that supposedly amounted to thirty-five million dollars.  Apparently the lawyer died before he could complete his work (Recollections of Winnifred (Young) Bruce, Toronto, May 1946; typed 25 May 1964 by DH from the papers of James Young of Cayuga).  The outcome of these proceedings is unknown.

 

On 22 January 1790 Adam Young "of the Grand River Settlement" signed his will, being then "weak in body yet of Sound & perfect understanding and Memory…"  He mentions his wife Elisabeth; Elisabeth Young, daughter of John Young his son; and sons Daniel Young and Henry Young.  He appointed his "trusty Friends" Major Henry Wm Nelles, Lieut Robert Nelles, and Jaob Christian Brenneman as his executors.  The witnesses were John Young and J. Christn Brenneman (DAY, original will of Adam Young).  Evidence that Elizabeth House was a daughter is found in the proceedings of the Commissioners for Extinguishing Claims, Sept. 1808, where Joseph House and Elizabeth his wife applied to the Board.  Affidavits were provided by Philip F. Frey and John Hiss of Montgomery Co. stating that Adam left "issue three sons named John, Daniel, and Henry and one daughter Elizabeth now the wife of the said Joseph House and one of the applicants for compensation" (Enclosed with Woodworth letter, JWL).   He died at Grand River (Young Tract, Seneca Township.) Ont. after 22 January 1790, when he signed his above will (DAY, original will of Adam Young), and was likely the first to be buried in the Young Family Cemetery on a knoll (now a cornfield - in the process of being restored as a registered cemetery) on the river flats at the lower end of the Young Tract.

 

The tradition that Adam Young had an Indian or French mistress, Polly Crain (reported in YF, p. 125), by whom he had a son Jacob A. Young (b. 6 Apr. 1755), is not supported by documentary evidence.  Published data extracted from primary source records, which is reported by Penrose (MV, p. 358), indicates that this Jacob Young was the son of Jacob Young Sr. (a cousin of Adam Young).  What is curious about this tradition is that Adam's son John's mother - in - law was Molly Hill, who may also have gone by her mother's surname at one time, Crine (Anglicized to Green).

 

 

More About Adam Young:

Burial: Young Tract Burying Ground, Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Canada

 

Notes for Catharine Elizabeth Schremling:

Catharine Ehle gives the (Anglisized) full name of Maria Elizabetha as Mary Elizabeth Landgrave (i.e., Landgraff).  After her house was burned, and her husband Adam and sons David and Henry escaped to join the Loyalist forces at Oswego, Catharine Elizabeth (Schremling) Young was captured by the Rebels and confined to Tice's Tavern in Johnstown, New York.  She remained there with her daughter - in - law Catharine (son John's wife) and her grandchildren until they and others were involved in an exchange of prisoners sometime before 1780.

 

Adam's widow Catharine Elizabeth "was supported by her son Daniel Young for a considerable time and until her death - that she was blind for some years before her death" (DAY, affidavit of George F. Smith of Glanford Township., 4 Jan. 1847).  She sold Adam's share of the Young Tract 21 Mar. 1796 to Robert Wier.  No boundaries, however, were described in the deed-causing a long involved lawsuit by the descendants of Daniel and Henry  Young vs. the descendants of Robert Wier (DAY; FOY).   A petition by Elizabeth Young 3 Jan. 1797 was unsuccessful in the attempt to have a grant of Crown land conveyed to her.  She apparently did not come under any official umbrella (UCLP, Vol. 548, "Y" Bundle 2, Elizabeth Young, No. 6).

 

Catharine Elizabeth died 1798 (AO, MS 502, Abraham Nelles Papers, Receipt from Daniel Young to Abraham Nelles dated 5 June 1978), and was buried in the Smith Family Cemetery in Glanford Township.  (DAY, letter from James Young to David Thorburn, 5 Jan. 1847).

 

More About Catharine Elizabeth Schremling:

Burial: Smith Cemetery, Glanford Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada

       

Children of Adam Young and Catharine Schremling are:

        15               i.    John5 Young, born 1742 in St. Johnsville, New York, USA; died Bet. 20 May 1811 - 17 July 1812 in Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada.  He married (1) Catharine Hill September 1765 in Mohawk Valley, New York, USA; born 1747 in Mohawk Valley, New York, USA; died Bet. 14 February 1792 - 05 February 1793.  He married (2) Priscilla Ramsay February 1793; died Aft. 22 April 1814.

 

Notes for John Young:

John Young was born in 1742, likely on the Harrison Patent, the site of the present-day St. Johnsville N.Y., and was baptized (no date given) as Johanes Jung, with Fridrich Jung and Thoreda Hesen as sponsors (SAR, p. 1).  John moved to the south shore of the Mohawk River in 1754 close to the Upper (Canajoharie) Mohawk Village (see biography of his father and grandfather).  It is likely this proximity that brought him into close contact with the Mohawk people, with the result that he learned to speak their language, and met his future wife among them.  He probably married Catharine Hill in 1765, and lived on the property near the Mohawk Village owned by his father Adam until 1771, when Adam deeded land near Ft. Plain (the "Geissenburg Settlement" by Otsquago Creek) to his eldest son (see later).

 

On 25 Apr. 1771 Adam (1) deeded a 105 parcel of land at Canajoharie (Lot 4, Bleeker Patent) on the Mohawk River (near Ft. Plain) to his son John (AJD), adjoining the 250 acre farm of the former's brother Frederick Young (CJY). It is apparent  that John was still residing on the property near the Upper Mohawk Village immediately prior to the time the deed was issued.  In one of the account books of Jelles Fonda is an entry dated 5 November 1770 for "Hannes Young now Near Ct. Seibers his son John" (NYSHA, Jelles Fonda Ledger 10, 1772-1791, p. 21).  The Canajoharie Tax List for 1766 (located by Marilyn J. Cramer, and provided to the author by Ken Johnson of Kansas) shows Hannes Seeber located among a group of individuals residing on the Van Horne Patent around Adam Young's parcel shown in the map (noted previously) of 1764.  John's name does not appear here since he was only occupying the property, his father Adam was the owner.  At some point in the early 1770s however, John moved to the property in Bleecker Patent.   Adam who then sold the land in the Van Horne Patent such that "at the Commencement of the late war" one Thomas Young, son of Johan Christian Young (no relation to Adam Young) was in possession of the property (NYSL, Garrit Y. Lansing Papers, Acc. No. KT13324, Remissions on Patent to Abraham Van Horne).  An entry in the court records may relate to some aspect of the sale.  On 2 March 1776 John Young sued Thomas Young for 3 pounds, 15 shillings (NYSL, Frey Papers, Justice Docket of Major John Frey, Acc. No. 9829, p. 425).

 

A specific description of this property occupied by John Young at the time of the Revolution may be of interest.  Reference to the Loyalist Claims data indicates that the farm was 105 acres in extent, and that Adam was "offered 1000 pounds New York Currency by Peter Ramsay in New York sometime before 1771." (CJY)  In terms of the exact location of John's residence, the original deed to John from his father states that it is on Lot 4 of the Highland Patent deeded to the Bleeckers.  A map composed about 1772 shows Adam on what was then (the lots were renamed and renumbered) 210 acres of the "Wood Lotts" Lot 2 at the northern section of the Bleecker Patent, opposite a large island in the Mohawk River (NYSL, Acc. No. 10816 Misc. Papers and Maps Relating to Rutger Bleecker's Holdings in Otsquago Patent 1725-1773, Items 4,5,6a,11). Apparently the lots were severed in two (105 acres each) and Adam had the portion which was the west section (furthest from the  river).  This was a remote location, above the Dutchtown Road.  Plotting the dimensions of this lot on modern maps, it is apparent that Adam / John's residence was at the location where, in 1853 A. Ornt was residing (Atlas of Montgomery County, 1853, Montgomery County archives, Fonda, N.Y.); and where in 1905, A. Arndt was living (New Century Atlas of Montgomery and Fulton Counties New York, Century Map Co., Philadelphia, 1905).  These individuals were descendants of Abraham Arndt (Washington Frotheringham (Ed.), "History of Montgomery County", D. Mason & Co., Syracuse, N.Y., 1892, pp. 1-2) who, on 26 January 1786, bought this property (Lot 2, Rutgert Bleecker Patent, 105 acres) from the Loan Officers of the City and County of Albany.  Arndt paid 112 poounds for the land (the buildings had been destroyed during the Revolution 10 years earlier) in a programme where monies were raised by the sale of confiscated lands to help the State pay its debts (Montgomery County Dept. of history and Archives, Tryon County Deeds, Book 1, 1772-1778, pp. 287-8).  Interestingly, a publication of 1878 provides a detailed engraving of the "Res. of Alfred Arndt Town of Minden", which shows a large two story Georgian style house with a complex of barns and out buildings, and the well pump just to the right of the raised laneway, near the apparent drive shed, with a house situated in the distance ("History of Montgomery and FultonCounties, N.Y., F.W. Beers & Co., New York, 1878: reprinted 1981, Heart of the Lakes Publishing, Interlaken, N.Y.).  The map compiled by the Army Map Service Geological Survey in 1943 (Ft. Plain) shows no buildings on the site, but a prominent tongue shaped eminence, the tip of which is where is all likelihood the farm complex was located.  A narrow ridge shown was probably the area along which the laneway ran.  In June 1990, Ken Johnson of Nebraska (now Kansas) and the author visited the site and walked along a narrow tree lined ridge to a wooded copse of about half an acre.  In a site to the left (south) of the laneway ridge, a deep stone lined well was located in an area of scrub brush - with the pump leaning inside the well shaft.  Further down the tongue of land, where it dipped sharply, was found an area of about 50 feet square where there was a heavy scatter of brick, stone, cinders, and household artifacts (e.g., tea cups, a decanter stopper), some of which are dateable to the late 1700s (e.g., pearlware, queensware).  This spot is situated in proper relationship to the laneway and pump shown in the above noted engraving.

 

In March 1777 John Young escaped from the hands of the Rebels (Patriots), leaving his family and his farm in order to join the British (CJY; PAC, AO 13/79, Claim of John Young, Nov. 1783, p. 777).  A likely reason for the precipitous departure was a pending arrest warrant being issued for his suspected role in the burning of the grist mill of Philip W. Fox near the Palatine Church and the farm of Henry William Nelles (his future neighbour on the Grand River).  At a meeting of the Tryon County Committee of Safety, 1 April 1777, an inquiry was held concerning the origin of the fire.  Apparently Cunrad Matthes, who was the nearest neighbour of John Young (see 1772 map of Bleecker Patent), stated that Henry W. Nelles sent his  "Negro" to fetch a horse belonging to Nelles - said horse having been "stolen" the same night that Fox's mill had been burned.  It seems that one Rudolph Yucker became suspicious after hearing this from Matthes, and interogated Nelles's "Negro", in particular about how a horse and bridle could be stolen from a locked barn.  The Black servant said that both he and Nellis were not at home that night so could not explain the matter.  Another individucal, Isaac Ellwood, also questioned Nelles's servant, who tried to explain Nelles's strange awareness of the whereabouts of his stolen horse, said that since Nelles had bought the horse from Young and thought it may have wandered back to its former master.  The servant further said that when he and Nelles's son came to Young's house and inquired about the horse, they were told that the horse had been found fully bridled in front of the house, so was placed in the stable.  Since it was established that the bridle was always kept in the Nellis house, the whole matter became even more suspicious. The Black servant further said that he believed that, considering his master's Tory convictions, it must have been another "strong Tory" who toodk the horse.  Since John Young lived directly across the River from Nelles, it is difficult to imagine how it could have found its way across the ford below Sand Hill, and up the road to the Geissenburg.  It is also more than a bit odd that Nellis should immediately conclude that his horse would be abandoned by the supposed thief, then be able to discover the route to his former stable.  It therefore appears that John Young and Henry W. Nelles, who were good enough friends that they chose to settle side by side on Indian land after the War, conspired to commit an act of sabotage.  In the likely scenario, John Young burned the mill and had a "get away" horse arranged to help him make a rapid exit from the scene of the "crime".  Since the evidence clearly pointed to John Yung being the "perpetrator", it is likely that this is what prompted the Rebel's attempt to capture him. The timing of March 1777 coincides perfectly with the known date Young left his farm to avoid capture (Maryly B. Penrose, "Mohawk Valley in the Revolution", Liberty Bell Press, Franklin Park, N.J., 1978, pp. 105-107).

 

Young's farm was then rented from 7 June 1777 to a neighbour (noted above) Jno. Seber (Rent Role of Farms left by Persons gone to the Enemy, New York in the Revolution, Vol. 2, Supplement, Albany:  State of New York, 1904, pp. 246-247).  His family was "drove off the premises" at this time (CJY), and likely were sheltered at the Upper (Canajoharie) Mohawk Castle (MV, p. 126).  On 25 Aug. 1777 the Tryon Co. Committee of Safety ordered the apprehension of "John Young's wife" and her confinement at the Tice house in Johnstown (MV, p. 127).  She, her 4 children, and mother-in-law Catharine Elizabeth Young were in the "Hands of the Congress" (1778) (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46 p. 72; Maryly B. Penrose, Baumann/Bowman Family, Franklin Park N.J.:  Liberty Bell Assoc., 1977, p. 275).  They were probably exchanged (sent to Canada) in the winter of 1779/80 (HP, Add. Mss., 21765, Reel 46, letters 17 Oct. 1779, 3 May 1780).  Earlier, soon after John Young departed for Canada, The Commissioners of Sequestration sold some of the effects of john Young. In December 1777 they sold "sundries" of John Young for 59 pounds (NYSL, Gerrit Y. Lansing Papers, Acc. No. KT13324, General Accounts 1777-1796, Box 2, Folder 18).

 

In June of 1777 John Young was in the employ of the Indian Department (NAC, CO 42, Vol. 32, A List of persons Employed in the Indian Department, As of Use, 15 June 1777, p. 312), being commissioned as a lieutenant prior to 25 Dec. 1777 (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, Paylist, Indian Department, p. 48).  In the spring of 1778 John Young was performing a dual role near the Pennsylvania - New York border.  He had been sent to Unadilla with about 40 rangers and 2 Indians to scour the countryside to seek provisions for the army of Col. John Butler which was advancing in that direction.  He also acted as a recruiting officer behind enemy lines in that area, reading a proclamation to the people of the Butternuts settlement instructing all "friends to Government" to come and join Butler, who would welcome them.  John Young had been particularly successful at Oquaga where he obtained 70 head of cattle and 60 to 70 recruits (Testimony of Barnabas Kelly, 26 June 1778, Public Papers of George Clinton, Vol. 3, Albany:  Lyon, 1901, pp. 504-506). This report is corroborated by the returns of Col. Mason Bolton at Niagara who wrote that "Mr. John Young detach'd from Auqhguaga with 30 Rangers and Indians constantly scouting towards the German Flatts and Cherry Valley" (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, Return of the disposition of the Rangers now employed in the frontiers of the Indian Country, no date, p. 409).

 

John Young's duties as an Indian Department officer were diverse, as evidenced by the above and following recorded information.  In 1780 he was selected by the Nanticoke Indians to represent them (PAC, RG 10, Vol. 11, Minutes of Indian Affairs, 3 Feb. 1780, p. 139), which probably required that he lead them in battle, and live among them.  In the same year John Young was assigned to escort a group of Six Nations Indian deputies in a boat from Ft. Schlosser to Ft. Erie, "there to see them well provided with necessaries for their journey" in order that they could embark on a trip to the west to encourage the Indians there to take up arms against the Rebels (PAC, RG 10, Vol. 11, Minutes of Indian Affairs, 11 Apr. 1780, p. 259).  He was also frequently in attendance at the Indian councils at Niagara between 1780 and 1782 (HP, Add. Mss. 21779, Reel 54, p. 73, 83, 86, 91, 109).

 

It would appear that June 1782 was a particularly busy month.  He and Lieut. William Johnston were sent as "runners" with correspondence for Detroit (HP, Add. Mss. 21769, Reel 48, Officer's Accounts, June 1782, p. 115), and in the same month he was, assigned to Oswego where he tabulated a census return of the number of Six Nations Indian and Brant's Volunteers present there on 21 June 1782 (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, p. 283).  Four days later he submitted an account of his expences incurred at Tosioha on Buffalo Creek (a Delaware and Nanticoke settlement) (HP, Add. Mss. 21769, Reel 48, 25 June 1782, p. 115).  Some insight into the performance of John Young in these various roles is found in a letter from Capt. John Johnston to Col. John Butler, where he requests another officer to assist him at Canadasaga, suggesting "Mr Young who I look upon being very active" (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, 21 Apr. 1779, p. 119).

 

After seven years of service, John Young went on half-pay 24 March 1784 (NAC, Haldimand Transcripts, MG 21, Vol. B 167, Pt. 2, Return of Officers of the Indian Department Recommended for Half Pay, pp. 352-353) and settled among the Indians on the Grand River.  John Young's property was confiscated by "the people of the State of New York" 21 Jan. 1783 (NYSL, Revolutionary Records, Rev. Mss. 16, Folder 6, No. 1), meaning that he could not seriously contemplate a return to his former home.

 

In late Sept. 1784 Young, then residing on the Grand River, was called upon by two Missisauga Indians to visit a site on the shores of Lake Erie where three White men had been killed.  He went with Capt. Cackbush and three other Delaware Indians, and described the scene of the carnage in a letter to the commandant at Ft. Niagara.  Within a day, when it became apparent that the perpetrators were Delawares, the leading men of this tribe told Young that they would do their best to find the guilty parties.  Subsequent testimony by an individual who escaped during the incident provided more specific details, supporting Young's observations and inferences about what had happened (HP, Add. Mss. 21763, Reel 44, letter and enclosures from Arent S. DePeyster, 30 Sept. 1784, pp. 355-362).

 

The name of John Young appears in various account books relating to the Niagara Penninsula.  For example, he paid a debt owed in the 1790's by his wife's cousin "Aaron Hill Capt David Son" to merchant William Nelles (MTL, S111, William Nelles, Accounts and Militia Papers, Account Book 1792-1837).  He also participated in Six Nations Indian councils (e.g., PAC, MG 11, Q Series, Vol. 283, Power of Attorney - Six Nations Indians to Joseph Brant, 2 Nov. 1796, pp. 44-49); entertained various travellers at his home (e.g., Charles M. Johnston, The Valley of the Six Nations:  A Collections of Documents on the Indian Lands of the Grand River, Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1964, p. 65, 123, 125); and was a founding member of the Barton Masonic Lodge (George E. Mason, Historical Sketch of the Barton Lodge, Hamilton, 1895, p. 61, 183).

     Evidence that John Young was the first settler on the Grand River is found in a letter from Robert Hoyes to Frederick Haldimand 2 Nov. 1783 stating that, "A party of Rangers with an Indian as their guide march by land to the Grand Riviere.  They carry a letter, from Col. Butler to a Mr. Young, who resides amongst the Indians settled on that river,…" (HP, Add. Mss. 21763, Reel 44, p. 285).  He was the first to purchase land from the Mississauga owners, the deed to his farm (one mile square) in the Young Tract being dated 20 Jan. 1784 (JOS).  John Young, however, had an additional place of residence at the Mohawk Village, at least in the 1780's (CJY).  It is apparent that John Young lived in relative comfort, having four slaves (Dean, Laya, a man named Jack, a boy named Jack) to attend to many of the chores (Will of John Young, RSC, Lincoln Co. (Niagara North), 17 July 1812) at his two residences.

 

Some insight into the personality of John Young is available through an examination of the diaries of those who visited him.  For example, Patrick Campbell reported playing "whist, cribbage, and other games" with Young, adding that it was the first time he had ever played cards with a "squaw".  This statement indicates that in the Young home, women participated with the men in some forms of leisure recreation.  Whether this behaviour was typical of pioneer society at this time, or, for example, reflects Young's egalitarian attitude toward women, or mirrors the fact that Catharine was "strong willed" (assertive), is unknown.  It is not possible to read motives from this isolated excerpt in a diary. Young also gave Campbell a tour of the area in his sleigh, pointing out the local sites of interest, and in general showed him "marked attention and hospitality" (Campbell, Travels, p. 180).  Another facet, however, is seen in the testimony of a neighbour Charles Anderson, relative to the treatment of Charles Brown, a man who was apparently an indentured servant of Young.  Anderson reported that Young "locked him <Brown> up in a room, and threatened to beat him" if Brown didn't sign a note for £50. When Brown escaped through a window, Young sent two Indians who were staying at the house to retrieve him.  The jury which heard the case decided in favour of Brown (MTL, Upper Canada Court of Common Pleas, Nassau District, Minutes, 14 Oct. 1788-10 Apr. 1794, Co. of Lincoln, 9 Apr. 1793) - the incident revealing a possible dark side to the character of John Young.

 

John's wife died some time soon after the visit of Campbell, and he married secondly Priscilla (Ramsay) Nelles, widow of Henry William Nelles, who outlived him (see biography of Priscilla).

 

Precise locations of the house sites on the Grand River occupied by John and his brothers are found in the survey notes recorded by Augustus Jones (AJ).  A collection of archaeological artifacts, obtained under licence from the Ministry of Citizenship and Culture, from the site of John Young's house is presently held in trust by the writer.

 

John wrote his will 15th April 1805 "considering the uncertainty of this mortal life", giving various effects to his wife Priscilla including "the Negro woman Dean sufficient maintenance as long as she remains my widow and conducts herself with Propriety".  He also gave her, during her life, "the Negro man Jack and the Negro woman Laya, and after her death the Negro man Jack to be given to my son Abraham and the Negro woman Laya to go to my daughter Elizabeth".  It was also his will that "my wife will live in the house with my son Joseph and to have together all the household furniture".  He even made provisions as to how the house should be divided into rooms assigned to each party.  Joseph was to have the farm where his father resided, various effects, and "the negro boy Jack".  The one mile tract fronting the River was basically divided in four.  John Jr. was to have the section furtherst down river, Joesph the next portion, then the section reserved for Elizabeth, and finally the uppermost segment to Abraham.  The island was to be owned primarily by joseph, with a smaller portion to Abraham.  All farms were about 20 chains along the River, and three miles back.  John Jr. and John A. Young (son of Abraham) were to equally share (100 acres each) in John Sr.'s military lands in Walpole Township (one half of Lot 19, Concession 10). On the 10th May 1811 John (with a very shaky hand) signed a codocil to the above will.  Herein he stated that he wished that the land reserved for his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Warner Nelles, instead go to his son Joseph Young.  He died between 20 May 1811 when he signed the codicil to his will, and 17 July 1812 when his will was proved (RSC, Lincoln Co. (Niagara North), 17 July 1812), and is likely buried in the Young Tract Burying Ground near the site of his home.

 

More About John Young:

Burial: Pr. Young Tract Burying Ground, Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Canada

 

Notes for Catharine Hill:

Catharine (Hill) Young was a Six Nations Mohawk woman of the Bear Clan, probably born at the Canajoharie Upper Mohawk Village, Indian Castle, New York in 1747 (CON), daughter of Johannes / John (son of Seth Widemouth), son of Seth Karonyaghraghkwa and Margaret (see Timmerman Deed included in biograpny of Theobald Young Sr.); and Mary Hill Kateriunigh, daughter of Aaron Hill Oseraghete and Margaret (Crine) Green.  She was a Mohawk woman whose mother was the sister of Capt. David Hill, a Mohawk War Chief (P. Campbell, Travels in the Interior Parts of North America in the Years 1791 and 1792, Toronto:  The Champlain Society, 1937 (originally published 1793), p. 166-167, 180).  In the diary written during his visit to Young in 1792, Patrick Campbell reports that John's wife was a "sister to one of the chiefs of the Mohawke nation who succeeded Captain David" (p. 180).  This individual was Capt. Seth Hill Kanenkaregowa (Chief Astawenserontha).  Information on this family is found in David K. Faux, "Understanding Ontario First Nations Genealogical Records: Sources and Case Studies", Ontario Genealogical Society, Toronto, 2002.

 

During the Revolutionary War, in 1777, the Committee of Safety ordered the apprehension of "John Young's wife".  She was captured, and along with all her children, was incarcerated (along with her mother - in - law) at Tice's Tavern.  Sometime prior to 1780 she and her children were exchanged for American prisoners, and joined her husband John at Ft. Niagara (see biography of her mother - in - law Catharine Elizabeth (Schremling) Young.  Their youngest son Joseph was born there in 1782 (CON).

 

As noted above, In 1793 Patrick Campbell published a diary which included a description of his visit to the Young home in February 1792;  and that he recorded that John Young's wife was the sister of the Mohawk chief who succeeded Captain David Hill.  Campbell also described an interview with David Hill's son Aaron, who described the way in which the titles were passed to his cousin, the son of his father's sister.  Catharine was the eldest daughter of Mary Hill, whose Indian name Kateriunigh means "She Carries the News", the head Bear Clan Matron who held the right to assign the Sachem title Aghstawenserontha. When her brother Captain David Hill Karonghyontye died in November 1790, Mary bestowed the title on her son (Catharine's eldest brother) Captain Seth Hill Kanenkaregowa who died in 1808. Had Catharine lived until 1808, she would have in all probability had the right to give the Aghstawenserontha title to her eldest son Abraham Young.  Presumably one of her sister's assumed the role of Clan Matron.  However, Warner Henry Nelles, Catharine's grandson, via her only daughter Elizabeth (Young) Nelles, appears to have inherited a chiefly title.  Upon the death of the previous holder of the title he became, at age 17, an Indian Chief of the Grand River whose name was Tahanata - a role he retained until his death in 1896 (see his biography).  Catharine probably died in 1792, shortly after Campbell's visit, likely at her home in Seneca Township, and was probably buried in the cemetery behind her home where her father - in  - law had been laid to rest a few years earlier.

 

More About Catharine Hill:

Baptism: 03 June 1747, Schenectady Reformed Dutch Church, Schenectady, New York, USA

Burial: Pr. Young Tract Burying Ground, Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Canada

 

Notes for Priscilla Ramsay:

Some interesting details about the life story of Priscilla (Ramsay) Young can be found in the Seaver reference below).  It is likely that Priscilla, widow of Henry William Nelles, married John Young in February 1793 since the description of what she terms her wedding dress, noted in her will, is consistent with the description of a gown she purchased from William Nelles, merchant.

 

Priscilla, then the widow of John Young, wrote her will on the 22nd April 1814.  It does not appear that the will was probated, but was kept among the papers of her step - son William Nelles of Grimsby.  Herein she bequeathed various items to her Nelles and Young step children and step grandchildren.  One of the most interesting clauses in the will was that, "It is my will and desire that my negro woman, Dean, shall be free after my decease."  (J.E. Seaver, Life of Mary Jemison, New York:  Garland, 1977 (originally published 1824), p. 66; Will of Pricilla Young, in R. Janet Powell, "Nelles", Annals of the Forty:  Loyalist and Pioneer Families of West Lincoln 1783-1833, Vol. 6, Grimsby Ont.:  Grimsby Historical Society, 1968, pp. 70-71).

 

More About Priscilla Ramsay:

Burial: Pr. Young Tract Burying Ground, Seneca Township, Haldimand County, Canada

 

        16              ii.    Elizabeth Young, born 1746 in Mohawk Valley, New York, USA; died 13 April 1813.  She married Joseph House; born 30 September 1742 in Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York, USA; died 22 July 1821.

 

Notes for Elizabeth Young:

Elizabeth Young was born 1746, died 13 Apr. 1813 (MV, p. 266).  She married Joseph House (Jost Hauss) and resided at the Geissenburg Settlement near near Ft. Plain, NY.  Her husband Joseph supported the Patriot cause during the Revolution, and claimed the property of his father-in-law (Adam)) on Young's Lake after the War (e.g., NYSL, Land Papers, Series 2, Book 9, Application of Phillip Cook, 11 Nov. 1816, p. 12; JWL).

 

L.H. Shultz (The House Family in the Mohawk Valley, 1968-available at Dept. of History and Archivees, Fonda N.Y.) suggests that Mary who md. Wm. Cunningham; Abraham, b. 24 Mar 1795; and Margretha, b. 29 Dec. 1796, were children of Jost Haus and Elizabeth (--).  The dates of birth make this seem unlikely.  In addition, Melvin R. Shaver (The House Faimlies of the Mohawk, Ransomville N.Y. -available at Dept. of History and Archives, Fonda N.Y., p. 35) records that Abram House who married Maria Smith was a son of Major Joseph House and wife Elizabeth Young - however both resources provide little information on the Joseph House line.

 

The prime resource for this branch of the family is Ken Johnson of Kansas (KJ).

 

More About Elizabeth Young:

Burial: Ft. Plain Reformed Church Cemetery, Ft. Plain, New York, USA

 

More About Joseph House:

Burial: Geissenburg Church Cemetery, Montgomery County, New York, USA

 

        17             iii.    Nicholas Young, born 1750.

 

Notes for Nicholas Young:

Johan Nicolas, bp. 17 June 1750 (BON, p. 63).  Probably died young.

 

        18             iv.    Daniel Young, born 1755 in Mohawk Valley, New York, USA; died 09 May 1835 in Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.  He married Elizabeth Windecker Abt. 1782; born 1763 in Mohawk Valley, New York, USA; died 08 March 1829 in Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.

 

Notes for Daniel Young:

Daniel Young  was born 1755 according to census  records (CON, p. 205), and 1749 according to military records (NAC, WO 28/10, A list of Colonel Johnson's Department of Indian Affairs, 1777, p. 403).

 

It is unclear where Daniel Young was living in the years immediately predeeding the Declaration of Independence.  Only one record can definitely be tied to him.  On 9 April 1776 he collected a debt from the court in the amount of 1 pound, 11 shillings pertaining to the law suit of Adam Young against John Weaver ((NYSL, Frey Papers, Acc. No. 9829, P. 410).   There is a strong possibility that he was working for his uncle Frederick.  There is no indication in any record source yet examined that he owned any land prior to the Revolution.  He was, however, indicted by the Rebels on the same date as his Uncle Frederick (H.C. Burleigh, "New York State - confiscations of Loyalists", United Empire Loyalist Association, Toronto, 1970, p. 23), again suggesting that he was in the employ of his uncle.

 

Prior to 15 June 1777 Daniel Young became a ranger in the Indian Department (NAC, WO 28/10, A List of Colonel Johnson's Department of Indian Affairs, p. 401, 403); NAC, Co 42, Vol. 32, p. 314).  He transfered to Butler's Rangers with the formation of that unit in Sept. 1777, becoming a sergeant in Capt. William Caldwell's Co. before 25 Dec. 1777 (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, Paylists, p. 65).  He finished his service in this corps in Capt. Peter TenBroeck's Co. (CON, p. 205), being assigned to Oswego at some point during 1783 (NHS), and serving throughout the War.

 

Daniel Young "by an invitation of the Indians settled on the Grand River where he made large improvements" (UCLP, Vol. 548, 1797-1836, "Y" Bundle 2, Daniel Young, No. 5; and see No. 8, a petition for a grant of land for "his numerous family").  He resided on the Young Tract opposite the lower end of Young's (now Thompson's) Island (AJ).  While living on the Grand River, Daniel Young sued William Dennis over the death of one of his mares.   The horses of both Daniel and his brother John had a habit of straying, and commonly found their way into the paddock of their brother Henry.  In March 1792 William Dennis and Henry Young, apparently fed up with the situation, filled their guns with peas in order to scare away a horse belonging to Daniel, and one belonging to John.  The shots connected, however the wound received by Daniel's mare proved fatal.  The court ruled in favour of Daniel Young (MTL, Upper Canada Court of Common Pleas, Nassau District, Minutes 14 Oct. 1788 - 10 Apr. 1794, County of Lincoln, 23 Oct.. 1792).  Another event occurring prior to Daniel's removal from the Grand River to Barton was the issuing of a commission to him as a lieutenant in the militia of Lincoln County 23 July 1794 (Upper Canada Gazette, No. 45, Vol. 1, 31 July 1794, p. 1).

 

Daniel Young wrote in 1795 that, "thinking his situation impermanent removed last spring to the Township of Barton" (UCLP, Vol. 548, "Y" Bundle 2, 1795-1796, Daniel Young, No. 5) where he settled on Lot 13 Concession 8 - land granted to his wife as the daughter of a U.E. Loyalist (AO, RG 1, C-4, Township Papers, Barton, Township.).  He built his house on the slope above a spring which arises from the ground on the edge of Red Hill Creek (pre 1830 ceramics having been collected from this site by the writer).  Assessment rolls of Barton for 1816, 1817, and 1818 indicate that his house was a one story log building (squared timber on two sides) and two fireplaces (HL, Archives File, Assessment of the Township of Barton).

 

Daniel Young became a prominent man in the Barton community.  Soon after his arrival, Young joined the Barton Masonic Lodge as a founding member, assuming various roles, including worshipful master, between 1796 and 1807 (J. Ross Robertson, The History of Freemansonry in Canada, Vol. 1, Toronto:  George A. Morang, 1900, pp. 624-678).  He was also a township assessor in 1816 (HL, Archives Files, Assessment of the Township of Barton District of Niagara Commencing 4 Mar. 1816).  In a long and distinguished military career, Daniel Young served as a captain the 5th Lincoln Militia during the War of 1812-15.  According to testimony given 4 Oct. 1875 at a pension hearing, by Jacob Hagle, a private who served under Daniel young, his company was present at the "battles of Fort Erie and Blackrock" (HL, R 971.034 BAT HA, The Veterans of the War of 1812-15, p. 29).  For other items pertaining to the military service of Daniel Young in the Lincoln Militia see various items in PAC, "C" Series, RG 8 (e.g., Return of the 5th Lincoln Militia Stationed at Niagara, 23 Oct. 1812, C1203 ½ AA, p. 79).

 

Occasional details of a general nature pertaining to his life in Barton Township. are to be found in merchant's account books (e.g., AO, MU 2555, Rousseau Papers, Journal, Part 2, 25 Nov. 1800-1805, p. 66) and in the account book of a local physician (HL, Buchanan Papers, Account Book of Dr. Oliver Tiffany, Ledger A 1798-1801, pp. 956-957).

 

Daniel Young was involved in a bizarre "murder" case in 1827-1830.  Two of his sons and one of his grandsons were charged with murdering their hired hand subsequent to someone finding bone material in the coal - kiln used to make charcoal.  In desperation, Daniel took out an add in the Gore Gazette asking anyone with information about the alleged dead man to come forward (Gore Gazette, Vol. 2, No. 7, 12 Apr. 1828, p. 27).  See also CKM for documented events pertaining to the case.  The bottom line is that the hired man was located, very much alive, in the USA, and so the Youngs were exonerated.  A few years later, in 1833, Daniel Young joined with many of his relatives and other local residents to become founding members of the Barton Presbyterian Church (BSK).

 

A collection of archaeological artifacts from the house site of Daniel Young in Barton Township. was obtained under licence of the Ministry of Citizenship and Culture, and is presently held in trust by the writer.

 

In his will, Daniel Young "of the Township of Barton being sick in body but in perfect mind and memory…" mentions sons and daughters Peter Young, Henry Young, George Young, James Young, John Young, Catharine Wintermute, Priscilla Sipes, and Elizabeth Bradt; late father Adam Young; and grandson Christopher Young, son of his son Peter Young.  He appointed his "trusty friends" Samuel Ryckman land surveyor, David Kern, and Stephen Blackstone all of Barton to be executors of his will-which was witnessed by Simon Bradt, Samuel Ward Ryckman, and William Young (RSC, Wentworth Co., file No. 305, Daniel Young, 11 Apr. 1836).  Other listings of the children of Daniel Young include the Upper Canada Land Petitions abstracted in LIO (p. 350), and a mortgage written 15 June 1832 between Simon Bradt and some of the children and grandchildren of Daniel Young (WCLR, Instrument No. H2419, 27 Apr. 1836).  The latter document mentions Catharine Wintermute of the District of Niagara, daughter of Daniel Young; Peter Young of the Grand River; Priscilla Sypes of Glanford, wife of Jacob Sypes and daughter of Daniel Young; Henry Young of Barton; Dorothy Wintermute of the Grand River, wife of Jacob Wintermute and daughter of Daniel Young; Elizabeth Young, Rebecca Young, Catharine Young, Mary Young, John Young, and Martha Young of Barton, children of Adam Young deceased son of Daniel Young; Elizabeth Bradt of Barton Township., wife of Simon Bradt, daughter of Daniel Young; George Young of the Grand River; and Frederick Young of the Grand River.  The baptisms of some of the children are recorded in the registers of St. Marks Church (STM), to wit:  Adam bap. 5 Feb. 1794; Henry, Dorothy, and Elizabeth bap. 6 Mar. 1794.

 

More About Daniel Young:

Burial: Pr. Barton Union Cemetery, Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada

 

More About Elizabeth Windecker:

Burial: Pr. Barton Union Cemetery, Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada

 

        19              v.    David Young, born Abt. 1760; died Aft. 24 October 1778.

 

Notes for David Young:

Resided with his parents at Young's Lake until forced to escape to Oswego with his father and brother Henry in 1778.  David died during the American Revolution while he was serving in Butler's Rangers.  He is last recorded on a pay list of 24 October 1778 when he was a private in Peter Ten Broeck's Company of Butler's Rangers (Affidavit of Col. John Butler, 17 July 1795, Petition of Daniel Young and Henry Young, Papers and Records of the Ontario Historical Society, 1930, Vol. 26, pp. 371-372).

 

        20             vi.    Abraham Young, born 17 August 1762.

 

Notes for Abraham Young:

Baptised 18 August 1762 (SAR).  Died young.

 

        21            vii.    Henry Young, born 17 August 1762 in Canajoharie District, Tryon County, New York, USA; died Abt. 1840 in Pr. Ancaster, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.  He married Phoebe Van Every; died 1804.

 

Notes for Henry Young:

Henry Young  was born 17 Aug. 1762, probably near Ft. Plain, and was baptized at the Stone Arabia Reformed Church as Henrich Jung with his twin brother Abraham 18 Aug. 1762.  (SAR, p. 16).  Henry died about 1840, likely in Ancaster Township., Wentworth Co. (FOY, p. 92).  He married Phoebe VanEvery, who died prior to 1816 (AO, RG 40, Heir and Divisee Commission Records 1805-1895, 1815, David Young), daughter of McGregor and Mary (--) VanEvery (LIO, p. 325.

 

 The sponsors were Cptn Henrich Frej and his wife Elizabeth (SAR, p. 16).  In 1778 Henry escaped capture by the Americans during the burning of his father's farm, leaving with his father Adam and brother David to join the British forces at Oswego (CAY).  He was a private in Capt. Peter Ten Broeck's Co. of Butler's Rangers as of 1 Aug. 1778 (HP, Add. Mss. 21765, Reel 46, Pay Lists, p. 56), serving the duration of the War with this unit (NHS).

 

Henry Young resided in his parents house on the Grand River until his widowed mother sold the property in 1796 (AJ; DAY; FOY), subsequently moving to Ancaster where he probably died in 1840 (FOY, pp. 89-94).

 

The names of his children are found in LIO (p. 351), and in the will of William (3) Young (No. 33) (HSR, Register C 1889-1901, Instrument No. 1362, p. 323).

 

More About Henry Young:

Baptism: 18 August 1762, Stone Arabia Reformed Dutch Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA

 

 

        10.  Catharine4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born Abt. 1719.  She married George Schremling, son of Hendrick Schremling and Maria Landgraff. 

       

Children of Catharine Young and George Schremling are:

        22               i.    Hendrick5 Schremling.

        23              ii.    Elizabeth Schremling.

        24             iii.    Catharine Schremling.

        25             iv.    George Schremling.

        26              v.    David Schremling.

        27             vi.    Annah Margaret Schremling.

 

 

        11.  Anna Margaretha4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born Abt. 1721.  She married Johannes Hess 10 November 1743 in Stone Arabia Trinity Lutheran Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA.  He was born 05 May 1721.

 

Notes for Anna Margaretha Young:

Data pertaining to this family found in SAL.

       

Children of Anna Young and Johannes Hess are:

        28               i.    Daniel5 Hess.

        29              ii.    Daniel Hess.

        30             iii.    Catharine Hess, born 16 July 1744.

        31             iv.    Johannes Hess, born 27 October 1745.

        32              v.    Elizabeth Hess, born 12 August 1747.

        33             vi.    Anna Hess, born 25 March 1749.

        34            vii.    Johan Fredrick Hess, born 10 May 1751.

        35           viii.    Dewalt (David) Hess, born 22 September 1753.

 

 

        12.  Andrew4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born Abt. 1730, and died Bet. 01 February 1791 - 21 March 1796 in Otego Township, New York, USA.  He married Elizabeth. 

       

Children of Andrew Young and Elizabeth are:

        36               i.    Jacob5 Young.  He married Anna Jordan 23 January 1791 in Ft. Plain Dutch Reformed Church, Ft. Plain, Montgomery County, New York, USA.

        37              ii.    Elizabeth Young.  She married George Scrambling; born Abt. 1768.

        38             iii.    David Young, born 30 December 1761; died 24 April 1814 in Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA.  He married (1) Eva; died June 1815.  He married (2) Maria Elizabeth Leib 03 November 1788 in Sand Hill Dutch Reformed Church, Ft. Plain, Montgomery County, New York, USA; born Abt. 19 February 1770; died 19 February 1808 in Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA.

 

More About David Young:

Baptism: Stone Arabia Reformed Dutch Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA

Burial: Scrambling Cemetery, Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA

 

More About Maria Elizabeth Leib:

Burial: Scrambling Cemetery, Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA

 

        39             iv.    John Young, born Abt. 1763.  He married Margaret VanDerwerker Abt. 1790.

        40              v.    Susanna Young, born 1765; died 31 December 1820.  She married David Scrambling 05 June 1786; born 1759; died 1821.

 

More About Susanna Young:

Burial: Scrambling Cemetery, Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA

 

More About David Scrambling:

Burial: Scrambling Cemetery, Otego Township, Otsego County, New York, USA

 

 

        13.  Frederick4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born 1733, and died 1777 in Ft. Niagara, New York, USA.  He married Catharine Schumacher 18 March 1762 in Stone Arabia Reformed Dutch Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA.  She died Aft. 25 August 1777.

 

Notes for Frederick Young:

Frederick Young was a local Justice of the Peace for the Canajoharie District, and held the title of "Esquire".  He was active in the "family business" of land speculation,  He obtained the Frederick Young Patent, and had extensive holdings in the Livingston Patent (about 20,000 acres total) on the South side of the Mohawk River (YF) - although his primary residence appears to have been the 250 acre parcel of land adjacent to that of his brother Adam in the Bleecker Patent (CJY).  At some point he learned to speak the Mohawk language as it was recorded that he was the translator during the land transactions leading to the Theobald Young Patent (see details in biography of Theobald Sr.).  In 1777 he was forced to leave his home, and with his nephews John and Daniel, joined the Indian Department at Ft. Niagara, attaining the rank of Lieutenant.  He participated in the Battle of Oriskany in 1777; and died at the garrison of Ft. Niagara in the same year - cause of death unknown (CAY; CJY)).  On 20th August 1796 letters of administration were granted to "Daniel Young nephew of the late Frederick Young who died intestate in 1777", and Angus McDonald (AO, GS 1, Surrogate Court, County of Lincoln, Register 1, microfilm copy at the St. Catharine's Museum, St. Catharines, Ontario).

       

Children of Frederick Young and Catharine Schumacher are:

        41               i.    (son)5 Young, died 1779.

 

Notes for (son) Young:

The name of Frederick's only son is not a matter of record.

 

        42              ii.    Dorothy Young, born 26 January 1764.

 

More About Dorothy Young:

Baptism: 29 January 1764, Stone Arabia Reformed Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA

 

 

        14.  Theobald (David)4 Young (Theobald (David)3, Andreas2, Johannes1) was born Abt. 1735, and died Bef. 05 November 1771 in Canajoharie District, Tryon County, New York, USA.  He married Margaret House 14 June 1763 in Stone Arabia Reformed Dutch Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA.  She died Aft. 07 April 1792.

 

Notes for Theobald (David) Young:

Theobald (David) resided near his brothers in what is today Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York (see tax list of 1766, Marilyn J. Cramer).  Very little documentary information has been location relating to Theobald Jr. (see YF).  Theobald died intestate at a relatively early age (his youngest son was only about one year old or less).  Letters of Administration were granted to his wife Margaret on 5 November 1771. (YF)

 

Notes for Margaret House:

After the death of Theobald in 1771, Margaret married a Witmoeser, then Hosea Lyons.

       

Children of Theobald Young and Margaret House are:

        43               i.    Frederick5 Young, born 23 June 1764 in Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York, USA.

 

More About Frederick Young:

Baptism: 01 July 1764, Stone Arabia Reformed Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA

 

        44              ii.    John D. Young, born 29 January 1766 in Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York, USA; died 05 April 1856 in Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.  He married Anna Margaret; born 1766; died 31 March 1861 in Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada.

 

Notes for John D. Young:

John D. Young (also known as John T. Young since his father used both his German (Theobald) and English (David) names).  The following information provides a comprehensive overview of John D. Young's participation in the American Revolution.

 

"JOHN D. YOUNG, RWPA #RI 1964. He was born in Minden Township, Montgomery

County, New York) January 29, 1766, a son of Theobald and Margaret (House) Young.

He was a nephew of Captain Jost House (Montgomery County Wills, Volume I ;283).

He enlisted as a substitute for Hoziah Loyne and served as a fifer in Captain Jonathan

Titus' Company ofthe Fourth New York Regiment at Fort Plank for one month and

eight days in 1779. John states Loynes was taken ill and sent to the Prisdte House. He

served for the remainder of 1779 as a fifer in Captain Joseph House's Company of the

Canajoharie District Regiment of Militia and was stationed at Fort Plank for three

months and 15 days. John states Jacob Drussler was also a drummer within Fort Plank

in 1780. In 1781 and 1782, he served in Captain Joseph House's Company ofthe

Canajoharie District Regiment of Militia as a fifer. Young states he was also often out

in pursuit of the enemy and occasionally on duty as a sentinel. Casparus Toiler (who

states he was born in Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York) states Jacob

Dusler and John D. Young served in Fort Plank under Captain Jost House from the

spring of 1780, until the Fort Plank Settlements were burnt on August 2, 1780. Zoller

also states Young's parent's property was destroyed in the aforesaid raid and the whole

of House's Company being ordered to move into the fort. Casparus states they lived

within Fort Plank until they could build themselves new homes after the war. Zoller

also states.... that Joseph C. House who was their Orderly Sergeant was legated Upon

by Cap' Joseph House and at times called the Roll often besides left to the said

Orderiy Sergeant to arange the Guards respectively. . . Casparus goes on to note that

lafter Brant's raid a heavy guard was always left at Fort Plank by Captain Jost House

[when his company was absent from the fort. Richard Shimmel states that Young and

Dusler served within Fort Plank as musicians during the military seasons of 1780,1781

& 1782. Hozia Loynes [Lyons] states that Young served as his substitute in 1779.

Lyones states that Lieutenant Colonel Regnier wanted John to enlist in his regiment

as a fifer for the war, but his mother went to Loynes shedding tears for her son and he

fhsn returned to the service in the place of Young. Hosiah states that, after Brant's

raid, the whole of Captain Joseph House's Company was ordered into Fort Plank and

kept on continuous duty until the war's end, primarily under the direction of House's

Orderly Sergeant, Joseph C. House. Isaac Pickert states he remember's Young serving

in the Fourth New York Regiment and that he and John Countryman were arrested late

one night by a paroll guard and taken to the house of Henry Witmosure [Young's

deceased step-father's] where Sergeant [—] Hitch and Corporal [—] Dickson were

quartered and held under guard till morning when they were taken to the home of

Lieutenant George Country man where Captain Jonathan Titus and Captain John Davis

were quartered. After being examined by the captains, they were released. Magdalena

Pickert states she is the widow ofthe said Isaac Pickert and that she was a daughter of

Lieutenant George Countryman. Magdalena states that, in the winter of 1778/9, Captain

Titus and Davis of the Fourth New York Regiment were billited within her father's home,

See also the pay receipts for Captain Joseph House's Company of the Canajoharie

District Regiment of Militia (Revolutionary War Rolls, Jackets 89)."

 

The above sketch of John D. Young's service in the American Revolution was taken verbatim from, "The Bloodied Mohawk:  The American Revolution in the Words of Fort Plank's Defenders and Other Mohawk Valley Partisans", by Ken D. Johnson, Picton Press, Rockport, Maine, 2002, pp. 657-658.  Clearly John D. Young was a "Patriot" or "Rebel" (depending on one's viewpoint).  the baptism of his younger children are found in St. Paul's Lutheran Church (Geissenburg), Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York. (YF)

 

John and family emigrated to Wentworth County in 1813, lived in Glanford Township and Dundas, settling in Barton Township about 1830 (see biography of his son John J. Young).

 

His obituary reads:  "At Barton on the 5th inst. Mr. John D. Young aged 88 years." (Hamilton Spectator, 9 April 1856).

 

More About John D. Young:

Burial: Barton Stone Church Cemetery, Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada

 

Notes for Anna Margaret:

Her obituary reads:  At the residence of David Hess Esq., Barton, on the 31st ult., Anna Margaret, wife of the late Capt. John D. Young, at the advanced age of 95 years. (Hamilton Spectator, 4 April 1861).

 

More About Anna Margaret:

Burial: Barton Stone Church Cemetery, Barton Township, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada

 

        45             iii.    David Young, born 27 August 1770 in Minden Township, Montgomery County, New York, USA.

 

More About David Young:

Baptism: 1770, Stone Arabia Lutheran Church, Stone Arabia, New York, USA